July 25, 1978: The First Test Tube Baby is Born
On this day in 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world’s first baby to be conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), was born to Lesley and Peter Brown in Manchester, England. The Brown family faced intense media attention regarding the ethics and legality of the experimental and revolutionary procedure. IVF has become so common that there have been over 5 million babies born this way in the past 36 years.
Learn about the history of in vitro fertilization with this American Experience timeline.
Photo: Biologist Robert Edwards holds baby Louise Brown, the first test-tube baby, on July 25, 1978. (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)